The Cajon – A Mini Guide

The Cajon – A Mini Guide

Updated 06/12/16

The Cajon has grown from unusual world percussion instrument to acoustic set staple, for some very good reasons…

Ten years ago, if you’d seen someone sat on a box at a gig, tapping away, you might have been forgiven for thinking one of the roadies had decided to claim his 15 minutes of fame. These days, however, this is a common sight, and all thanks to the Cajon.

Mirage Cajon Rosewood with Bag

This box-shaped piece of percussion is so innocuous looking, that many don’t even realise that it is an instrument at all.

Essentially, the Cajon is a wooden box, usually with a faceplate made of thinner plywood. The player sits on the instrument, and plays it by hitting different parts of it with their hands (or occasionally brushes, mallets or even kick drum pedals).

The Cajon has a very interesting history, too…

The Cajon - Natal Andante

Drum shaped box

The Cajon is believed to have originated in coastal areas of Peru, among slave populations.

One theory is that the instrument is derived from the box-like drums played in some areas of Western and Central Africa. When slaves from these areas were transported to Peru, they re-created their traditional instruments from the materials they had, which were primarily shipping crates. Thus, the Cajon was born.

However, another theory proposes that Spanish masters oppressed the African slaves in Peru, and prevented them from playing music. By using the abundant shipping crates, they could play music, and disguise their instruments as a stool, table, or shipping crate, should their captors return.

The Cajon - A Mini Guide

What does it sound like?

There are several reasons that the Cajon has become incredibly popular in recent years. First and foremost is its sound.

Typically, a Cajon will have either a string, or a snare behind the faceplate, meaning that when hit hard in certain places, the sound has a ‘snap’ or ‘buzz’ much like a snare drum. Because of the shape, if the faceplate is hit in the centre, it has a far deeper sound that when played at the edge. Plus, the sides, which are made of thicker woods, can also be played.

The result is a huge palette of different sounds to draw from, in an instrument that is very intuitive to play. By combining deeper sounding hits with the snappier snare hits, a sound not unlike a drum kit played with brushes or rods can be approximated. This makes it perfect for acoustic gigs.

The Cajon - Meinl Black Makah Bundle

Secondly, it’s incredibly easy to transport, weighing only a few kilos. For percussionists who don’t like to be kept out of acoustic jam sessions, again, this is perfect.

The Cajon is a relatively inexpensive instrument, meaning that if you want to invest in one just for those acoustic sessions, it needn’t break the bank. Plus, it can even double as an emergency chair… 😉

The Electric Cajon

Yes, the Cajon is a renowned acoustic instrument, but the ever forward thinking Roland have taken this revered instrument and turned it into a complete portable sound system. The Roland EC-10 Electric Cajon takes the unique percussive instrument to new levels. You get a fully functioning acoustic Cajon but with Roland’s electronic percussion technology built in. That means 30 built-in electronic kits all triggered the same way you would normally play a Cajon. Roland have always been a brand to focus on new technological advances when it comes to instruments, but this thing is a real show stopper. Check out the video below.

For a full range of Cajons, see our online store,

About The Author


Joe is a contributor for the Dawsons Music blog. Specialising in product reviews and crafting content to help and inspire musicians of all musical backgrounds.